Degenerative Disc Disease and back pain

Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a common condition that affects the discs that cushion the vertebrae in the spine. These discs are made of tough, fibrous tissue on the outside and a soft, gel-like material on the inside. As we age, the discs can gradually lose their elasticity and become less able to cushion the vertebrae. This can lead to pain and discomfort in the back.

Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

The symptoms of DDD can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some people may experience no symptoms at all, while others may experience chronic pain in the back or neck. Common symptoms of DDD include:

  • Pain in the back or neck that is worse when sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Pain that worsens with certain movements, such as bending or twisting
  • Stiffness in the back or neck
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Weakness in the arms or legs

Diagnosis of Degenerative Disc Disease

To diagnose DDD, your doctor will typically begin with a physical exam and review of your medical history. They may also order imaging tests, such as X-rays or an MRI, to get a closer look at the discs in your spine. These tests can help your doctor determine the severity of your condition and develop a treatment plan.

Treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease

Treatment for DDD typically involves a combination of therapies designed to relieve pain and improve mobility. Depending on the severity of your condition, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can help you learn exercises that can strengthen the muscles in your back and improve your posture.
  • Pain medications: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help relieve pain and inflammation. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe stronger pain medications.
  • Injections: Corticosteroid injections can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain in the back.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the damaged disc and replace it with an artificial disc.

Prevention of Degenerative Disc Disease

While there is no surefire way to prevent DDD, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing the condition or slowing its progression. These include:

  • Maintaining good posture: Sitting up straight and avoiding slouching can help reduce the strain on your back.
  • Staying active: Regular exercise can help strengthen the muscles in your back and improve your flexibility.
  • Avoiding smoking: Smoking can damage the discs in your spine and increase your risk of developing DDD.


Degenerative disc disease is a common condition that can cause pain and discomfort in the back or neck. While there is no cure for the condition, there are many treatments available to help relieve pain and improve mobility. If you are experiencing symptoms of DDD, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.